Colony Collapse Disorder
- Wiki: Colony Collapse Disorder
- PSU:MAAREC: Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD)
- Apidologie -- The Leading Journal Devoted to Bee Science
- USDA:ARS: Questions and Answers: Colony Collapse Disorder
- 2010/01/07: FAS:CRS: [290k pdf] Honey Bee Colony Collapse Disorder
- 2010/03/19: PLoS One: High Levels of Miticides and Agrochemicals in North American Apiaries: Implications for Honey Bee Health by Christopher A. Mullin et al.
- 2010/04/29: Eureka: [link to 908k pdf] Survey reports latest honey bee losses
- 2010/10/07: PLoS One: Iridovirus and Microsporidian Linked to Honey Bee Colony Decline by Jerry J. Bromenshenk et al.
- 2011/01/11: PNAS: (ab$) Patterns of widespread decline in North American bumble bees by Sydney A. Cameron et al.
- 2011/03/10: UNEP: (3.3 meg pdf) Global Bee Colony Disorder and Threats
- 2011/04/05: PNAS: (abs) Global growth and stability of agricultural yield decrease with pollinator dependence by Lucas A. Garibaldi et al.
- 2012/01/03: PLoS One: A New Threat to Honey Bees, the Parasitic Phorid Fly Apocephalus borealis by Andrew Core et al.
- 2012/01/03: PLoS One: Multiple Routes of Pesticide Exposure for Honey Bees Living Near Agricultural Fields by Christian H. Krupke et al.
- 2012/03/29: Science: (ab$) A Common Pesticide Decreases Foraging Success and Survival in Honey Bees by Mickaël Henry et al.
- 2012/03/29: Science: (ab$) Neonicotinoid Pesticide Reduces Bumble Bee Colony Growth and Queen Production by Penelope R. Whitehorn et al.
- 2012/04/06: Google: [web cache] In situ replication of honey bee colony collapse disorder by Chensheng Lu et al.
- 2012/09/28: WOL:ME: Management increases genetic diversity of honey bees via admixture by Brock A. Harpur et al.
- 2012/10/21: Nature: (ab$) Combined pesticide exposure severely affects individual- and colony-level traits in bees by Richard J. Gill et al.
- 2013/02/04: JEB: Exposure to multiple cholinergic pesticides impairs olfactory learning and memory in honeybees by Sally M. Williamson & Geraldine A. Wright
- 2013/03/27: Nature:Comm: (ab$) Cholinergic pesticides cause mushroom body neuronal inactivation in honeybees by Mary J. Palmer et al.
- 2013/05/03: BugGirl: Guest Post: Honey bees, CCD, and the Elephant in the Room by Dr. Doug Yanega
- 2013/04/29: BBC: Bee deaths: EU to ban neonicotinoid pesticides
A vote in the EU has paved the way for the European Commission to restrict the use of pesticides linked to bee deaths in scientific studies.
There is great concern across Europe about the collapse of bee populations.
- 2013/03/28: NYT: Mystery Malady Kills More Bees, Heightening Worry on Farms
A mysterious malady that has been killing honeybees en masse for several years appears to have expanded drastically in the last year, commercial beekeepers say, wiping out 40 percent or even 50 percent of the hives needed to pollinate many of the nation’s fruits and vegetables.
- 2013/03/27: BBC: Neonicotinoid pesticides 'damage brains of bees'
Commonly used pesticides are damaging honey bee brains, studies suggest.
Scientists have found that two types of chemicals called neonicotinoids and coumaphos are interfering with the insect's ability to learn and remember.
Experiments revealed that exposure was also lowering brain activity, especially when the two pesticides were used in combination.
- 2013/03/14: SciAm:PI: It’s Time for a Neonicotinoid Time Out
- 2013/01/16: TheCanadian: Report: World's Most Popular Insecticide Puts Bees in 'Unacceptable' Danger
- 2013/01/18: ScienceInsider: Common Pesticides Threaten Bees, E.U. Watchdog Warns
- 2013/01/17: CCP: Neonicotinoid pesticides determined unsafe for bees by the European Food Safety Authority
- 2013/01/17: EurActiv: Common pesticides a threat to bees, EU watchdog says
Three widely-used pesticides made by Switzerland's Syngenta and Germany's Bayer pose an acute risk to honeybees, the European Union's food safety watchdog said on Wednesday (16 January), but stopped short of linking them to bee colony collapse.
Fears over the effects on bees of neonicotinoid insecticides - among the most commonly used crop pesticides in the world - led France to withdraw approval in June last year for Syngenta's Cruiser OSR, used to treat rapeseed crops.
Responding to the opinion by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), the European Commission said it was ready to take the necessary steps if its findings are confirmed, raising the prospect of EU-wide restrictions on the use of the products.
- 2013/01/16: NatureN: Row over reports on bee-bothering insecticides -- Syngenta brands risk assessment ‘hurried and inadequate’.
Europe’s food safety body has stoked the fires over the possible links between the use of neonicotinoid insecticides and the declines in bee populations in the United States, Europe and elsewhere with three reports published today. One leading manufacturer has attacked the reports, calling them “hurried and inadequate”.
A number of scientific studies have linked neonicotinoids to adverse effects on bee colonies (also see the Nature video below) but some researchers believe the drop in bee numbers seen in many countries is due to more than one cause.
The new assessments from the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), based on existing studies of three neonicotinoids (clothianidin, imidacloprid and thiamethoxam), concludes that these chemicals should only be used on crops that are not attractive to honey bees, so that the insects are not exposed to the insecticides through pollen and nectar. Dust and plant sap contaminated with the chemicals may also pose a risk to bees, EFSA says.
EFSA is an independent advisory body and any ban or restrictions to the use of the three chemicals would require legislation by the European Union or individual nations.
The work has attracted fierce criticism from John Atkin, chief operating officer at Syngenta, the Basel, Switzerland-based manufacturer of thiamethoxam.
- 2012/12/19: Eureka: Biologists design method to monitor global bee decline -- Data could act as warning signal for impact on food systems
- 2012/12/12: Guardian(UK): Insecticide regulators ignoring risk to bees, say MPs
A parliamentary inquiry has uncovered evidence that links widespread use of neonicotinoid pesticides to decline in bees
- 2012/12/11: BBC: Honey bees' genetic code unlocked
Researchers say they have unlocked the genetic secrets of honey bees' high sensitivity to environmental change.
Scientists from the UK and Australia think their findings could help show links between nutrition, environment and the insects' development.
It could, they suggest, offer an insight into problems like Colony Collapse Disorder, a mysterious cause of mass bee deaths globally.
- 2012/11/21: EurActiv: EU scientists attempt to crack the nut on falling bee populations
The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has launched a review of scientific studies and risk assessments related to the decline in bee populations worldwide and in Europe. A final report next year will identify information gaps and research needs in the field.
- 2012/10/21: NatureN: The buzz about pesticides -- Common pesticides affect bumblebee foraging
- 2012/10/22: TreeHugger: Pesticide Exposure Killing Bumblebees, Too
- 2012/09/28: ABC(Au): Bee colony collapse not due to inbreeding
- 2012/09/14: SciNow: Plight of the Bumblebee
- 2012/08/26: CCurrents: Flight Of The Bumblebee: From India To Europe, Are We Poisoning Our Future?
- 2012/07/25: CBC: Wildflowers could help blueberry crop
Blueberry growers on P.E.I. are hoping a unique pilot project will help get their fields pollinated by bees.
Growers say there aren't enough honey bees to do the job, so some growers are planting wild flowers next to their blueberries to attract and keep wild bees close to blueberry fields.
- 2012/07/17: CBC: P.E.I. border open to N.S. bees despite pest
Some crops on P.E.I. will be pollinated with bees from Nova Scotia this season, despite the discovery of the tracheal mite in some bee populations in that province.
The P.E.I. Beekeepers Association recommended keeping the border open to Nova Scotia bees, but that doesn't sit well with some beekeepers.
- 2012/07/24: Grist: Buzzkill: EPA rejects beekeepers’ pesticide petition
- 2012/06/21: Grist: Bye bye bumblebee: Honeybees aren’t the only pollinators in danger
- 2012/06/17: PeakEnergy: France bans Syngenta pesticide linked to bee decline
- 2012/06/08: KSJT: The latest on honeybee collapses - It might be mites that boost virus
- 2012/06/08: BBC: Honeybee virus: Varroa mite spreads lethal disease
A parasitic mite has helped a virus wipe out billions of honeybees throughout the globe, say scientists.
A team studying honeybees in Hawaii found that the Varroa mite helped spread a particularly nasty strain of a disease called deformed wing virus.
- 2012/06/04: PlanetArk: France To Ban A Syngenta Pesticide To Protect Bees
- 2012/06/04: TreeHugger: France Proposes Banning Bee-Killing Pesticide
- 2012/05/09: Grist: Born to bee wild: How feral pollinators may help prevent colony collapse disorder
- 2012/04/18: SBO: Oregon beekeepers: No quick fix for colony collapse
- 2012/04/11: P3: Bee Colony Dysinformation Disorder
- 2012/04/11: BBC: Cash to help fight pervasive honey bee pest [varroa mite]
- 2012/04/10: Grist: More evidence links pesticides to honeybee losses
- 2012/04/06: CSM: Is corn syrup killing the honeybees?
- 2012/04/06: CSM: Studies fault Bayer [neonicotinoid] in bee die-off
- 2012/04/06: SciAm:Obs: Common Pesticide Implicated Bee Colony Collapse Disorder
- 2012/04/05: MongaBay: Researchers recreate bee collapse with pesticide-laced corn syrup
- 2012/04/06: TreeHugger: Pesticides and High Fructose Corn Syrup Recreate "Classic" Colony Collapse Disorder in Experiments
- 2012/03/30: EconoSpeak: Follow the Honey
- 2012/03/30: KSJT: Lots of Ink: Two more studies, in Science, say pesticides could be a big reason for bee die-off
- 2012/03/29: Grist: Beekeepers to EPA: We’re running out of time
- 2012/03/29: SciNews: Pesticide-dosed bees lose future royalty, way home -- Low doses of insecticides can lead to fewer queens, shrinking colonies
- 2012/03/30: TreeHugger: Two New Studies Show Neonicotinoid Pesticides Harm Bees
- 2012/03/29: NYT: 2 Studies Point to Common Pesticide as a Culprit in Declining Bee Colonies
Scientists have been alarmed and puzzled by declines in bee populations in the United States and other parts of the world. They have suspected that pesticides are playing a part, but to date their experiments have yielded conflicting, ambiguous results.
In Thursday’s issue of the journal Science, two teams of researchers published studies suggesting that low levels of a common pesticide can have significant effects on bee colonies. One experiment, conducted by French researchers, indicates that the chemicals fog honeybee brains, making it harder for them to find their way home. The other study, by scientists in Britain, suggests that they keep bumblebees from supplying their hives with enough food to produce new queens.
The authors of both studies contend that their results raise serious questions about the use of the pesticides, known as neonicotinoids.
- 2012/03/29: CSM: Are pesticides responsible for bee deaths? (+video)
- 2012/03/29: CSM: Are bees threatened by insecticide use? New studies say yes. (+video)
- 2012/03/29: CBC: Bees harmed by low levels of common [neonicotinoids] pesticides
- 2012/03/29: BBC: Pesticides hit queen bee numbers
Some of the world's most commonly used pesticides are killing bees by damaging their ability to navigate and reducing numbers of queens, research suggests.
Scientific groups in the UK and France studied the effects of neonicotinoids, which are used in more than 100 nations on farm crops and in gardens.
The UK team found the pesticides caused an 85% drop in queen production.
Writing in the journal Science, the groups note that bee declines in many countries are reducing crop yields.
- 2012/03/14: Eureka: Corn [neonicotinoid] insecticide linked to great die-off of beneficial honeybees
- 2012/02/21: EnergyBulletin: Tilling the soil in 2012, parts 1 and 2
- 2012/02/12: AlterNet: Have Bees Become Canaries In the Coal Mine? Why Massive Bee Dieoffs May Be a Warning About Our Own Health
- 2012/01/31: Independent(UK): Pesticides blamed for bee decline -- New formulas make colonies more prone to disease, research finds. Jonathan Owen reports
- 2012/02/04: CCP: Top U.S.D.A. researcher, Jeffrey Pettis, blames Bayer's neonicotinoid pesticide, imidacloprid, for bee colony collapse disorder. More calls for a ban
- 2012/01/31: TreeHugger: More Evidence That Insecticides Are Harming Our Bees
- 2012/01/12: NatSoc: USDA Ignores Pesticide Ravaging Bee Population, Threatening Global Environment
- 2012/01/16: DI: The Silence of the Bees
- 2012/01/13: CCurrents: Honeybee Problem Nearing A ‘Critical Point’
Colony Collapse Disorder is a myth, neurotoxic pesticide causes bee deaths
- 2012/01/13: Grist: Honeybee problem nearing a ‘critical point’
- 2012/01/13: TreeHugger: Bee Deaths Linked to [neonicotinoid] Seed Insecticide Exposure
- 2012/01/05: BPA: The Honeybee Decline Story: Neonicotinoid and Spinosad Insecticides which Harm Honeybee Central Nervous Systems
- 2012/01/06: ProMedMail: Colony collapse disorder, apis - USA: susp. cause
- 2012/01/05: KSJT: AP,Time Mag, LiveSCIENCE etc: Zombie Bees? Eaten alive by maggots? That’d collapse anybody.
- 2012/01/05: NatureNB: ‘Zombie’ fly parasite killing honeybees
- 2011/12/02: Guardian(UK): Pesticide firms must be held to account for bee poisoning
- 2011/11/29: Eureka: Honey bee mystery protein is a freight train for health and lifespan
- 2011/11/16: PlanetArk: EU Lawmakers Call For Action To Protect Bees
- 2011/10/26: SciAm:PV: Where have all the honeybees gone? A documentary on the devastation of colony collapse disorder
- 2011/10/03: FoodF: Millions of bees die overnight in Florida: Chemtrails to blame?
- 2011/08/11: USDA:ARS: The Flight of the Bumble Bee: Why Are They Disappearing?
- 2011/07/05: Grist: EPA risks killing bees to fight invasive stink bugs
- 2011/06/22: Guardian(UK): Experts puzzled by big decline in honeybees over winter
Beekeepers call on gardeners to plant bee-friendly plants and avoid pesticides as concern grow over knock-on impact of losses
Honeybee populations declined by 13.6% over the winter, according to a survey of beekeepers across England. Losses were most severe in the north-east, where the survey recorded a loss rate of 17.1%.
Experts worry that the declines will affect plant productivity. There are also concerns that the declines, along with drought conditions in some areas, will mean less English honey this year.
- 2011/06/21: Eureka: Pollination services at risk following declines of Swedish bumblebees
- 2011/04/21: Grist: The USDA’s top bee scientist [Jeffrey Pettis] talks pesticides and colony collapse at a D.C. luncheon
- 2011/04/05: Independent(UK): Study reveals how bees reject 'toxic' pesticides
- 2011/04/04: Guardian(UK): Honeybees 'entomb' hives to protect against pesticides, say scientists
By sealing up cells full of contaminated pollen, bees appear to be attempting to protect the rest of the hive
- 2011/04/06: Grist: Should some pesticides be banned to protect bees? A USDA scientist dances around the question
- 2011/03/31: Grist: U.K. guv takes threat of bee-killing [neonicotinoid] pesticides seriously. Why doesn’t the U.S.?
- 2011/03/11: Seppo: (cartoon - Seppo) Plight of the Bumblebee
- 2011/03/11: PlanetArk: Bee Deaths May Signal Wider Pollination Threat: U.N.
Mass deaths of bee colonies in many parts of the world may be part of a wider, hidden threat to wild insect pollinators vital to human food supplies, a U.N. study indicated on Thursday.
Declines in flowering plants, a spread of parasites, use of pesticides or air pollution were among more than a dozen factors behind recent collapses of bee colonies mainly in North America and Europe, the U.N. Environment Programme (UNEP) said.
That cocktail of problems -- rather than a single cause killing bees in hives that might be easier to fix -- may also threaten wild bees and other insects vital to pollinate crops such as soybeans, potatoes or apple trees.
- 2011/03/11: BBC:RB: Bees: a sting in the tale
- 2011/03/10: NatureTGB: From bees to has bee-ns?
- 2011/03/10: EarthTimes: UN: Bee colonies worldwide under threat from chemicals and pollution
- 2011/03/10: RedOrbit: UN Report Discusses Factors Behind Bee Population Loss
- 2011/01/31: Grist: Matt Ridley’s optimistic, but not so rational, take on bee collapse
- 2011/01/26: Independent(UK): Pesticide linked to bee deaths should be suspended, MPs told
A new generation of pesticides is implicated in the widespread deaths of bees and other pollinators and should be suspended in Britain while the Government reviews new scientific evidence about their effects, MPs were told yesterday.
Neonicotinoid pesticides are linked by "a growing weight of science" to insect losses, and the assessment regimes for them are inadequate, the Labour MP Martin Caton told the House of Commons.
- 2011/01/21: Grist: Top USDA bee researcher also found Bayer pesticide [imidacloprid (a neonicotinoid)] harmful to honeybees
- 2011/01/20: Independent(UK): Bees facing a poisoned spring -- New kind of pesticide [neonicotinoid], widely used in UK, may be helping to kill off the world's honeybees
A new generation of pesticides is making honeybees far more susceptible to disease, even at tiny doses, and may be a clue to the mysterious colony collapse disorder that has devastated bees across the world, the US government's leading bee researcher has found. Yet the discovery has remained unpublished for nearly two years since it was made by the US Department of Agriculture's Bee Research Laboratory.
The release of such a finding from the American government's own bee lab would put a major question mark over the use of neonicotinoid insecticides -- relatively new compounds which mimic the insect-killing properties of nicotine, and which are increasingly used on crops in the US, Britain and around the world.
Bayer, the German chemicals giant which developed the insecticides and makes most of them, insists that they are safe for bees if used properly, but they have already been widely linked to bee mortality.
- 2011/01/20: Grist: The beekeeper who kicked the EPA’s nest speaks [video]
- 2011/01/12: DI: The Mysterious Honey Bee Extinction [infographic]
- 2011/01/04: ERW: Bees in freefall as study shows sharp US decline
- 2011/01/05: KSJT: Lots of Ink: Beyond colony collapse disorder -- bumblebees are having it rough, too
- 2011/01/04: SciNow: Bumblebee Decline Confirmed Across U.S.
- 2011/01/03: Eureka: Large-scale study reveals major decline in bumble bees in the US
- 2011/01/04: PostMedia: Bumblebees' disappearance 'alarming' -- Four species see 96-per-cent decline
Four previously abundant species of bumblebee are close to disappearing in the United States, researchers reported yesterday in a study confirming that the agriculturally important bees are being affected worldwide.
They found a 96-per-cent decline in the numbers of the four species and said their range had shrunk by as much as 87 per cent. As with honeybees, a pathogen is involved, but the researchers also found evidence of inbreeding caused by habitat loss.
"We provide incontrovertible evidence that multiple Bombus species have experienced sharp population declines at the national level," researchers reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, calling the findings "alarming."
- 2010/12/28: SciDaily: Bees One of Many Pollinators Infected by Virus Implicated in Colony Collapse Disorder
Penn State researchers have found that native pollinators, like wild bees and wasps, are infected by the same viral diseases as honey bees and that these viruses are transmitted via pollen. This multi-institutional study provides new insights into viral infections in native pollinators, suggesting that viral diseases may be key factors impacting pollinator populations.
- 2010/12/23: Grist: EPA swats away controversy over bee-killing pesticide
- 2010/12/22: BBC: Genetic weapon developed against honeybee-killer
Researchers have developed a genetic technique which could revitalise the fight against the honeybee's worst enemy - the Varroa mite.
The method enables researchers to "switch off" genes in the Varroa mite, a parasite that targets the honeybee.
The scientists say this could eventually be used to force the mites to "self-destruct".
The treatment is now at an early, experimental stage but could be developed into an anti-Varroa medicine.
- 2010/12/17: USDA:ARS: USDA Releases 2010 Honey Bee Colony Collapse Disorder Progress Report
- 2010/12/20: PhysOrg: [link to 2.1 meg pdf] USDA releases 2010 honey bee colony collapse disorder progress report
- 2010/12/20: Grist: Bayer responds to criticism of its potentially bee-killing pesticide [the neonicotinoid, clothianidin]
- 2010/12/14: SlashDot: EPA Knowingly Allowed Pesticide That Kills Bees
- 2010/12/10: Grist: Leaked document shows EPA allowed bee-toxic pesticide [clothianidin] despite own scientists’ red flags
- 2010/12/10: TreeHugger: Beekeepers & Activists Demand EPA Remove Pesticide Linked to Bee Deaths [clothianidin]
- 2010/12/07: EurActiv: EU to address mysterious collapse of bee colonies
- 2010/11/17: NatureN: Plight of the bumblebee -- A coordinated effort to address North America's disappearing bumblebees has got wings
- 2010/10/20: AlterNet: Have We Really Solved the Mystery Behind the Shocking Die-off of Bees?
- 2010/10/14: Grist: Sorry, New York Times: The bee die-off case is not closed
- 2010/10/13: TreeHugger: Honeybee Mystery Solved? Not Quite, Say Bee Experts
- 2010/10/08: CNN: What a scientist didn't tell the New York Times about his study on bee deaths
- 2010/10/10: CCP: Fortune: What a scientist didn't tell the New York Times about his study on bee deaths
- 2010/10/10: SciDaily: Bee Colony Collapse Associated With Viral, Fungal Infection, Biologist Says
- 2010/10/07: BWeek: Bee-Killing Disease May Be Combination Attack, Researchers Say
- 2010/10/04: BBC: Rare bumblebees make comeback in Kent and Sussex
- 2010/09/15: EUO: Brussels boosts aid to beekeepers amid mystery bee die-off
- 2010/09/05: Eureka: Fears of a decline in bee pollination confirmed -- May be due to climate change
Widespread reports of a decline in the population of bees and other flower-visiting animals have aroused fear and speculation that pollination is also likely on the decline. A recent University of Toronto study provides the first long-term evidence of a downward trend in pollination, while also pointing to climate change as a possible contributor.
- 2010/08/24: TreeHugger: New Honeybee Breed Key to Combating Colony Collapse Disorder
A British beekeeper has been working on creating a new strain of honeybee resistant to the varroa mite, a prime suspect in colony collapse disorder (CCD), and it looks like he's hit a high note after 18 years of careful observation and selective breeding. Ron Hoskins found that bees in one of his hives figured out what a great idea mutual grooming can be -- they learned to clean the mites off one another. Hoping that this learned behavior is hereditary, he spread the genes of bees from this colony to his other hives. It worked. Now, combating CCD could be linked in no small part to how quickly the new strain of bee spreads across the country.
- 2010/08/20: TreeHugger: Vanishing of the Bees: Film Documents Ongoing Honeybee Decline (Video)
- 2010/08/18: USFP: Beginning with the bees
- 2010/07/12: Oregonian: Oregon State University entomologist looks to uncover what's killing honeybees
- 2010/06/25: CBC: Bee thief steals hives from N.S. farm
- 2010/06/23: PhysOrg: Latest suspect in colony disorder: Australian honeybees
Disease-carrying honeybees imported from Australia may be responsible for a mysterious disorder that's decimated bee hives around the country, and federal regulators say they'd consider import restrictions if necessary.
- 2010/06/22: BBC: Loss of bees could be 'a blow to UK economy'
If bees and other pollinators were to disappear completely, the cost to the UK economy could be up to £440m per year, scientists have warned.
This amounts to about 13% of the country's income from farming.
- 2010/06/08: BBC: Saving California's bees, one hive at a time
- 2010/06/05: SciNews: Honeybee death mystery deepens -- Colony collapse disorder linked to mix of fungal and viral infections
- 2010/05/31: Telegraph(UK): Mobile phones responsible for disappearance of honey bee
The growing use of mobile telephones is behind the disappearance of honey bees and the collapse of their hives, scientists have claimed.
- 2010/05/29: TreeHugger: Beehive Jacking More Lucrative Than Carjacking?
- 2010/05/27: AlterNet: Beeline to Extinction: Saving Our Threatened Pollinators Is Key to Global Food Security
- 2010/05/26: DerSpiegel: Bee Burglars -- Hive Thefts on the Rise in Germany
Forget cars or televisions -- in Germany, it's bee theft that's on the rise. In recent years, the pilfering of bee colonies has almost doubled. And after a particularly hard winter, many expect the numbers to continue rising.
- 2010/05/26: BBC: Infections link to bees decline
US researchers claim to have identified a new potential cause for Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) in honeybees.
The disease is responsible for wiping out many beekeepers' entire colonies over the past few years.
Scientists from the US Department of Agriculture say the pathogens to blame are a fungus and a family of viruses.
The results of the study were presented at the 110th General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology in San Diego, California.
- 2010/05/17: BBC: Our bees are buzzing off. But why?
- 2010/05/15: TreeHugger: "Nicotine Bees" Population Restored With Neonicotinoids Ban
- 2010/05/05: TreeHugger: New Bee Death Stats in US Bring Colony Collapse Disorder Back Into Spotlight
- 2010/05/03: Oregonian: Survey of beekeepers shows hive loss remains high and the cause remains a mystery
- 2010/05/03: AlterNet: Bee Catastrophe: 1/3 of Colonies Died This Winter, Threatening Massive Ecological Catastrophe
- 2010/05/02: Guardian(UK): Fears for crops as shock figures from America show scale of bee catastrophe
The world may be on the brink of biological disaster after news that a third of US bee colonies did not survive the winter
- 2010/05/01: BBC: Japan police hunt 'bee rustlers'
Japanese bee-keepers have been warned to be on their guard, following a spate of hive thefts.
The price of honeybees has doubled in recent years after a ban on imports. Police suspect a gang of specialist thieves is stealing honeybees to order.
In central Shizuoka prefecture, eight hives of 60,000 bees were taken in a single night from five separate farms.
- 2010/04/28: PhysOrg: No single cause for mass die off of honey bees: OIE
The huge die off of bees worldwide, a major threat to crops depending on the honey-making insects for pollination, is not due to any one single factor, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) said Wednesday.
Parasites, viral and bacterial infections, pesticides, and poor nutrition resulting from the impact of human activities on the environment have all played a role in the decline, the OIE said.
At normal times, bee communities naturally lose around five percent of their numbers.
But with the syndrome known as colony collapse disorder (CDD), a third, half -- sometimes even 90 percent -- of the insects can be wiped out.
In the United States, government figures released last month showed a 29 percent drop in beehives in 2009, coming on the heels of declines of 36 and 32 percent in 2008 and 2007.
The mysterious decimation of bee populations in the United States, Europe, Japan and elsewhere in recent years threatens agricultural production worth tens of billions.
- 2010/04/19: TreeHugger: Going Bee-less - Trials of Self-Pollinating Almond Trees Begin in California
- 2010/04/19: EarthTimes: Thieves make off with tens of thousands of bees in Japan
- 2010/04/14: PhysOrg: As honeybee colonies collapse, can native bees handle pollination?
- 2010/03/29: SeedDaily: Scientists stumped as bee population declines further
- 2010/03/27: EnergyBulletin: Honeybees are still dying
- 2010/03/26: USDA:ARS: Questions and Answers: Colony Collapse Disorder
- 2010/03/26: DM:80B: Bee Killer Still at Large; New Evidence Makes Pesticides a Prime Suspect
- 2010/03/24: Yahoo:AP: Bees in more trouble than ever after bad winter
The mysterious 4-year-old crisis of disappearing honeybees is deepening. A quick federal survey indicates a heavy bee die-off this winter, while a new study shows honeybees' pollen and hives laden with pesticides.
Two federal agencies along with regulators in California and Canada are scrambling to figure out what is behind this relatively recent threat, ordering new research on pesticides used in fields and orchards. Federal courts are even weighing in this month, ruling that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency overlooked a requirement when allowing a pesticide on the market.
And on Thursday, chemists at a scientific conference in San Francisco will tackle the issue of chemicals and dwindling bees in response to the new study.
- 2010/03/24: KSJT: AP, Science News: Honey bee collapse disorder doubles down -- things just got worse and pesticide overuse is (as usual) a suspect
- 2010/03/24: CBC: Bee colonies suffer bad winter
The mysterious four-year-old crisis of disappearing honeybees is deepening.
A U.S. survey indicates a heavy bee die-off this past winter, while a new study shows honeybees' pollen and hives laden with pesticides.
Zac Browning shows a queen bee at a bee farm east of Merced, Calif. Zac Browning shows a queen bee at a bee farm east of Merced, Calif. (Marcio Jose Sanchez/Associated Press) Two U.S. federal agencies, along with regulators in California and Canada, are scrambling to figure out what is behind this relatively recent threat, ordering new research on pesticides used in fields and orchards. U.S. federal courts are even weighing in this month, ruling that the Environmental Protection Agency overlooked a requirement when allowing a pesticide on the market.
And on Thursday, chemists at a scientific conference in San Francisco will tackle the issue of chemicals and dwindling bees in response to the new study.
Scientists are concerned because of the vital role bees play in the food supply. About one-third of the human diet is from plants that require pollination from honeybees, which means everything from apples to zucchini.
Bees have been declining over decades from various causes. But in 2006 a new concern, "colony collapse disorder," was blamed for large, inexplicable die-offs.
The disorder, which causes adult bees to abandon their hives and fly off to die, is likely a combination of many causes, including parasites, viruses, bacteria, poor nutrition and pesticides, experts say.
"It's just gotten so much worse in the past four years," said Jeff Pettis, research leader of the Department of Agriculture's Bee Research Laboratory in Beltsville, Md. "We're just not keeping bees alive that long."
- 2010/03/23: TreeHugger: Poison In The Hive: High Levels Of Pesticides & Breakdown Products Found In Bees Wax & Pollen
- 2010/03/21: ScienceNews: Bees face 'unprecedented' pesticide exposures at home and afield
Sometimes dozens of pesticides turn up in a single sample of wax or pollen
- 2010/03/09: CBC: Disease, weather kill Vancouver Island bees
Vancouver Island beekeepers say 90 per cent of their hives have been wiped out by a lethal combination of disease and a long summer last year.
Vancouver Island is home to a quarter of all the honeybees in British Columbia...
- 2010/03/08: CanWest: Island beekeepers warn of crisis: 90 per cent of colonies wiped out
Vancouver Island beekeepers are reeling from the worst commercial honeybee die-off in recent memory, with some estimating almost 90 per cent of colonies have been wiped out in the last few months.
Many blame a harmful parasite called varroa mites that has become immune to some pesticides, and fear the shortage of bees could affect spring pollination.
"The amount of bees that have been lost is just phenomenal," said Sol Nowitz, a veteran commercial beekeeper who breeds bees and produces honey at the Jingle Pot Apiary in Nanaimo. "It's the biggest catastrophe to kill bees on the Island ever."
He estimates there are between 2,000 and 3,000 colonies on the Island, about a quarter of the 12,000 colonies that flourished a few years ago. In 2007, Nowitz had 275 colonies. Now left with 15, he is sold out of honey and can no longer afford to sell bees to other beekeepers.
Steve Mitchell, owner of Bee Haven Farms in Duncan, said he started out the winter with 18 colonies and came out with one. "Other [farmers] lost their whole stocks," he said.
- 2010/03/04: G&M: B.C. apiarists stung by bee deaths -- Parasite and weather blamed for '90-per-cent losses' in Vancouver Island hives
- 2010/03/04: CBC: Mites called biggest honeybee enemy
The varroa mite is emerging as the leading culprit in the death of Ontario honeybees, researchers say.
Scientists at the University of Guelph monitored colonies in six southern Ontario counties from fall 2007 to summer 2008, counting the bees, weighing the colonies to gauge their food reserves and testing the bees for various mites and the Nosema fungus.
Varroa mites were associated with more than 85 per cent of colony deaths, according to the findings published online in the international journal Apidologie.
- 2010/02/27: TStar: Queen bees blocked at border
The Hawaiian queens are one to two months old when they are mated and sent away...
The queens are a vital component to the health and production of crops that Agriculture Canada estimates are worth more than $2 billion to the country's economy each year.
With Canada facing what Clay described as "devastating" rates of honey bee mortality, imported queens are key to replenishing stock.
Every year Canada brings in about 150,000 queens, most from Hawaii.
This year that vital process has been derailed.
A virulent parasitic mite called Varroa destructor -- partly responsible for high honey bee mortality across North America -- has been found on Hawaii's main island and shipments of bees to Canada have been halted indefinitely.
"It could make things very difficult," said Clay.
- 2010/02/15: TreeHugger: Green Eyes On: Is Bees' Thirst Leading to Their Demise?
- 2010/01/28: Eureka: Fewer honey bee colonies and beekeepers throughout Europe -- A first-time overview of the population trends for honey bee colonies and beekeepers in Europe
- 2010/01/21: AlterNet: Last Chance to Save Wild Bumble Bees -- Has Commercial Shipping Been Wiping Them Out?
- 2010/01/20: BBC: Bee decline link to nature fall
The decline of honeybees seen in many countries may be caused by reduced plant diversity, research suggests.
- 2010/01/14: PhysOrg: Bee research shows benefits of native plants, wild bees
As scientists struggle to come to grips with Colony Collapse Disorder, a mysterious disease threatening to wipe out domesticated honey bees in the United States, they have begun to cast a worried eye towards wild bees -- trying to gauge their numbers, health and ecological status.
- 2010/01/14: WaPo: Groups ask U.S. to regulate shipping of commercial bumblebees
- 2010/01/06: NRDC:SwitchBoard: Big Win for Bees: judge pulls bee toxic pesticide
- 2009/10/29: PhysOrg: Scientists examine how common pesticide mixes may affect bee die-offs
Since reports of widespread bee die-offs began to surface in October 2006, researchers have investigated possible reasons ranging from hive-infecting mites to cell phone-tower radiation. They have yet to pinpoint the cause of colony collapse disorder -- most likely, because there isn’t just one, say University of Florida researchers.
- 2009/10/26: NewScientist: The truth about the disappearing honeybees
- 2009/09/17: SeedDaily: Bee deaths set apiculture congress [Apimondia] abuzz
Pesticides, viruses, industrialised farming, fungus... what on Earth is killing our bees?
That's the big question being asked at Apimondia, the 41st world apiculture congress, where 10,000 beekeepers, entomologists and other actors in the honey business are gathered in this southern French city until Sunday.
Across parts of North America and swathes of Europe, but also now in patches of Asia, bee hives have been struck by a mysterious ailment dubbed Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD).
At normal times, bee communities naturally lose around five percent of their numbers. But in CCD, a third, a half -- sometimes even 90 percent -- of the insects can be wiped out. Eerily, no bodies are typically found near the hive.
The phenomenon is alarming for beekeepers, many of them small-scale operators or hobbyists, who lack the clout and subsidy support that other agricultural sectors enjoy.
But food experts and environmental scientists are also worried.
The Western honey bee is a vital link in the food chain, fertilising nearly 100 kinds of crops.
Around a third of the food on our plates gets there thanks to Apis mellifera.
- 2009/09/15: AlterNet: Life Without Bumblebees? It's Not Just Honeybees That Are Mysteriously Dying
- 2009/09/02: PhysOrg: Bumblebees dive in to fill a void
- 2009/09/03: NRDC:SwitchBoard: 3 Years Since CCD First Reported: Bee Experts Track Progress
- 2009/09/02: NYT:RfD: Saving Bees: What We Know Now
- 2009/09/02: GreenGrok: Unraveling the Honeybee Collapse?: Another Thread of Evidence
- 2009/08/26: ProMedMail: Colony collapse disorder, apis - USA: cause
- 2009/08/25: NewScientist: Bee genome gives killer clue to colony collapse disorder
- 2009/08/24: BBC: DNA clue to honey bee deaths
Scientists say that mass bee deaths may be caused by viruses that disrupt gene expression.
The team analysed which genes were turned on and which were turned off in healthy bees and those from hives with colony collapse disorder (CCD).
Since 2006, CCD has caused the catastrophic loss of US bee hives and is implicated in bee deaths elsewhere.
Writing in PNAS journal, the team say they used "whole genome microarrays" to compare cells from bees' guts.
- 2009/08/24: Time: New Clues in the Mass Death of Bees
- 2009/08/24: BBC: Fifth of honeybees died in winter
Almost a fifth of the UK's honeybees died last winter, the British Beekeepers' Association has said.
Combined with an average 30% loss the year before, it means beekeepers are struggling to keep colonies going.
Honeybees are worth £200m a year to UK agriculture because of their work pollinating crops.
Bees are suffering from viruses, a parasitic mite and changes in the weather. Experts are calling for more money to be put into research.
- 2009/08/13: Eureka: Study finds higher pathogen loads in collapsed honeybee colonies
- 2009/07/31: ProMedMail: Colony collapse disorder, apis - USA: multiple causes susp -- Scientists untangle multiple causes of bee colony disorder
- 2009/07/28: NRDC:SwitchBoard: USDA Reports on Colony Collapse Disorder Research
- 2009/07/13: BBC: Help call for vanishing honeybees
Britain's honeybees are disappearing at an "alarming" rate, yet the government is taking "little interest" in the problem, a group of MPs has said.
The Public Accounts Committee (PAC) says bees, vital for pollinating crops, are worth £200m a year to the economy.
It wants DEFRA to spend more money on research into bee health and make registration compulsory for beekeepers.
- 2009/05/29: SciDaily: Honey Bee Colony Losses In U.S. Almost 30 Percent From All Causes From September 2008 To April 2009
Honey bee colony losses nationwide were approximately 29 percent from all causes from September 2008 to April 2009, according to a survey conducted by the Apiary Inspectors of America (AIA) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
This is less than the overall losses of about 36 percent from 2007 to 2008, and about 32 percent from 2006 to 2007, that have been reported in similar surveys.
- 2009/05/22: TreeHugger: The Latest Buzz On Disappearing Honey Bees: Some Improvement
- 2009/05/08: DM:80B: Are Reports of a Global Honeybee Crisis Overblown?
- 2009/05/07: CBC: Honeybee colonies not declining worldwide, study says
- 2009/05/07: Eureka: Honeybees are on the rise but demand grows faster
- 2009/04/22: CBC: Parasite behind European honeybee colony collapse, researchers say
- 2009/04/16: AlterNet: Honeybees Continue to Vanish: Don't Blame Aliens -- It's Our Addiction to Pesticides That's at Fault
- 2009/04/14: Eureka: A cure for honey bee colony collapse?
- 2009/03/31: CBC: Mysterious bee deaths threaten blueberry business
- 2009/03/17: TreeHugger: Blogger Writes About Bee Colony Collapse Disorder in his Backyard
- 2009/03/05: BBC: 'I do everything... the bees still die'
All over the world bees have been disappearing but nowhere has been more affected than the United States.
Scientists there have dubbed the phenomenon colony collapse disorder - but some experts argue that this is misleading, and that what's killing the bees is the way they are being exploited by commercial beekeepers.
- 2009/03/05: BBC: 'No proof' of bee killer theory
Scientists say there is no proof that a mysterious disease blamed for the deaths of billions of bees actually exists, the BBC has been told.
For five years increasing numbers of unexplained bee deaths have been reported worldwide, with US commercial beekeepers suffering the most.
The term Colony Collapse Disorder was coined to describe the illness.
But many experts now say that the term is misleading and there is no single, new ailment killing the bees.
- 2009/03/03: PeakEnergy: The Plight of the humble bee
- 2009/02/16: NewScientist: Honeybees under attack on all fronts
- 2009/02/16: TreeHugger: The Cooperative Launches Plan Bee to Help Save UK's Honeybee
- 2009/02/01: Times(UK): Plight of the humble bee
Native British bees are dying out -- and with them will go flora, fauna and one-third of our diet. We may have less than a decade to save them and avert catastrophe. So why is nothing being done?
- 2008/12/02: TreeHugger: Photo Essay: Bees and Beekeepers In Crisis
- 2008/11/12: PhysOrg: Colonies in collapse: What's causing massive honeybee die-offs?
- 2008/11/10: CSIRO: Pollinator decline not reducing crop yields just yet
The well-documented worldwide decline in the number of bees and other pollinators is not, at this stage, limiting global crop yields, according to the results of an international study published in the latest edition of the respected science journal, Current Biology.
- 2008/10/16: Telegraph(UK): English honey to run out before Christmas
- 2008/10/17: FDL: Ecocide’s Bitter Harvest: English Honey Will Run Out By Christmas
- 2008/10/16: NatureN: Agriculture unaffected by pollinator declines -- Global crop yields have not suffered even though key insect populations have shrunk.
- 2008/09/22: ENN: Italy Bans Pesticides Linked to Bee Devastation
The Italian government banned the use of several neonicotinoid pesticides that are blamed for the deaths of millions of honeybees. The Ministero del Lavoro della Salute e delle Politiche Sociali issued an immediate suspension of the seed treatment products clothianidin, imidacloprid, fipronil and thiamethoxam used in rapeseed oil, sunflowers and sweetcorn. The Italian government will start a monitoring program to further investigate the reasons of recent bee deaths.
Italy followed Germany and Slovenia which banned sales of clothianidin and imidacloprid in May. In France imidacloprid has been banned on sunflowers already since 1999. In 2003 the substance was also banned as a sweetcorn treatment. Bayer´s application for clothianidin was rejected by French authorities.
The two substances are produced by the German company Bayer CropScience and generated *800 million in 2007. Imidacloprid is Bayer´s best-selling pesticide.
- 2008/09/22: PeakEnergy: Italy Bans Pesticides Linked to Bee Declines
- 2008/09/20: AFP: Busy and valuable: Bees are worth $220bln a year
- 2008/09/15: SciDaily: Economic Value Of Insect Pollination Worldwide Estimated At U.S. $217 Billion
- 2008/09/09: OMBWatch: EPA Withholds Pesticide Information While Bees Die
- 2008/09/10: Independent(UK): The great honey drought -- Winter viruses and the wettest August for years have combined to leave Britain's beehives dry
- 2008/08/26: NewsObserver: Bayer on defensive in bee deaths -- German authorities look into allegation that RTP maker's pesticide harms environment
- 2008/08/27: McClatchyDC: Germans suspect Bayer pesticide in beehive collapse
Bayer CropScience is facing scrutiny because of the effect one of its best-selling pesticides has had on honeybees.
A German prosecutor is investigating Werner Wenning, Bayer's chairman, and Friedrich Berschauer, the head of Bayer CropScience, after critics alleged that they knowingly polluted the environment.
The investigation was triggered by an Aug. 13 complaint filed by German beekeepers and consumer protection advocates, a Coalition against Bayer Dangers spokesman, Philipp Mimkes, said Monday.
The complaint is part of efforts by groups on both sides of the Atlantic to determine how much Bayer CropScience knows about the part that clothianidin may have played in the death of millions of honeybees.
- 2008/08/26: TreeHugger: Bayer in the Dock Over Pesticide Linked to Colony Collapse Disorder
- 2008/08/20: GristMill: No way to bee -- EPA knuckleheads hide info on pesticide implicated in colony collapse disorder
- 2008/08/19: SF Gate: Lawsuit seeks EPA pesticide data
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is refusing to disclose records about a new class of pesticides that could be playing a role in the disappearance of millions of honeybees in the United States, a lawsuit filed Monday charges
The Natural Resources Defense Council wants to see the studies that the EPA required when it approved a pesticide made by Bayer CropScience five years ago.
The environmental group filed the suit as part of an effort to find out how diligently the EPA is protecting honeybees from dangerous pesticides, said Aaron Colangelo, a lawyer for the group in Washington.
In the last two years, beekeepers have reported unexplained losses of hives - 30 percent and upward - leading to a phenomenon called colony collapse disorder. Scientists believe that the decline in bees is linked to an onslaught of pesticides, mites, parasites and viruses, as well as a loss of habitat and food.
- 2008/08/19: KSJT: SF Chronicle, and others: Pesticide shenanigans a suspect in bee collapse, plus other things
- 2008/08/12: Guardian(UK): Honeybee deaths reaching crisis point -- 1 in 3 of UK's honeybees did not survive winter and spring -- Pollination of fruit and vegetables at risk
- 2008/08/04: Eureka: Saving our bees - Ecologists assess the impact of people on pollinators
- 2008/07/23: NewScientist: Commercial bees spread parasite to wild cousins
- 2008/07/23: PLoS One: Does Pathogen Spillover from Commercially Reared Bumble Bees Threaten Wild Pollinators? by Michael C. Otterstatter & James D. Thomson
- 2008/07/23: PhysOrg: Commercial bees spreading disease to wild pollinating bees
Bees provide crucial pollination service to numerous crops and up to a third of the human diet comes from plants pollinated by insects. However, pollinating bees are suffering widespread declines in North America and scientists warn that this could have serious implications for agriculture and food supply. While the cause of these declines has largely been a mystery, new research reveals an alarming spread of disease from commercial bees to wild pollinators.
In a study published in the July 23 issue of the online, open-access journal PLoS ONE, Michael Otterstatter and James Thomson of the University of Toronto present compelling evidence that commercially produced bumble bees used in greenhouses are infecting their wild cousins, and that this is likely contributing to reductions in the natural pollinating bee population.
- 2008/07/04: SciDaily: Bee Disease Still A Mystery, Despite New Advances In Undersanding Common Virus [DWV: Deformed wing virus]
- 2008/07/02: NewScientist: Decline in bee diversity could sting crop producers
- 2008/06/29: Eureka: Bee disease a mystery
- 2008/06/30: NYT: Bee by Bee
- 2008/06/27: CNN: Bees' decline could lead to higher food prices
Farmers say decline of honeybees could lead to higher food prices - Bee pollination is responsible for $15 billion annually in crop value - Lack of bees may force elimination of certain Haagen-Dazs ice cream flavors
- 2008/06/26: McClatchyDC: Honeybee collapse claims record number of hives this year
- 2008/05/26: SciDaily: Honey Bee Losses Continue To Rise In U.S.
A recent survey by the Apiary Inspectors of America found that losses nationwide topped 36 percent of managed hives between September 2007 and March 2008, compared to a 31 percent loss during the same period a year earlier.
- 2008/05/23: PhysOrg: A superorganism in trouble [Book Plug] _The Buzz about Bees_ by Juergen Tautz
2008/05/20: G&M: The mystery of B.C.'s dying bees - Something unknown killed 30 per cent of the insects over the winter, throwing fruit production into turmoil
- 2008/05/12: SciDaily: Beekeepers Report Continued Heavy Losses From Colony Collapse Disorder
- 2008/05/09: DerSpiegel: Bee Emergency - Unexplained Mass Die-Off Hits German Hives
- 2008/05/07: CNN: More commercial bee colonies lost
Survey: 36.1 percent of nation's commercially managed hives lost since last year - New diseases, pesticide drift, old enemies like parasitic mite blamed -
Survey included 327 operators -- 19 percent of U.S. commercial beehives - About 29 percent of deaths due to collapse disorder, in which bees abandon hives
- 2008/05/07: KSJT: AP, Deseret News: US honey bees still in trouble - it's getting worse
- 2008/05/07: PhysOrg: Survey shows US honey bee deaths increased over last year
- 2008/04/24: NYT: Humming Praises for the Wild Bee
- 2008/04/23: KSJT: BBC: "Mary Celeste Syndrome" hitting UK's honeybees. Wild bees are in a tight spot too.
- 2008/04/21: ENN: Bee colonies continue to decline
- 2008/04/23: BBC: Wild bee decline 'catastrophic'
Wild bee populations around the UK are experiencing "catastrophic declines", the Bumblebee Conservation Trust has warned.
Mary Celeste Syndrome - where a honey bee hive is found almost completely deserted - has appeared in Scotland.
- 2008/04/14: UoM,A: Mysterious Disappearance of Honeybees, Bumblebees to Be Researched By UMass Amherst Bee Consortium
- 2008/04/17: TerraDaily: Consortium To Study Mysterious Death Of Honey Bees And Bumblebees
- 2008/03/31: ADT: Worried about bee die-off, farmers press for research
- 2008/03/09: Guardian(UK): Honey bees 'wiped out in 10 years' - Beekeepers demand £8m for research into treatment against devastating viruses
- 2008/02/25: Guardian(UK): Ice cream crisis as bees buzz off
- 2008/02/21: CBC: Concern about bee health touches corporate boardrooms
- 2008/02/18: GristMill: It's not just honey you'll miss - Haagen-Dazs says CCD could interupt your ice cream fix
- 2008/01/29: PhysOrg: French beekeepers abuzz with worry over dying bees
- 2008/01/26: DailyIndia: Greek experts look out for lost honey bees
- 2007/11/22: CBC: Parasite found in every Ontario bee sample
Researchers have found a parasite in every Ontario bee sample they analyzed in part ofÂ an effort to prevent a recurrence of the disaster that wiped out a third of the province's honeybee colonies last winter.
The Ontario Beekeepers' AssociationÂ experts collected about 446 bee samples from 25 keepers and every one contained Nosema apis, a single-celled protozoan that affects the bees' digestive systems.
More than half of the samples had a more aggressive strain called Nosema ceranae, the association said in a release Tuesday
- 2007/11/09: TruthOut: Progress on "Collapsing" Beehives
- 2007/11/08: CSM: Progress on 'collapsing' beehives
- 2007/11/03: TreeHugger: The Latest on the Disappearing Honeybee Mystery
- 2007/10/16: UCDavis: Bee Specialist Eric Mussen Fingers Prime Suspects in ‘BSI: The Case of the Disappearing Bees’
- 2007/09/06: BugGirl: Breaking bee news: a possible culprit in Colony Collapse
- 2007/09/06: Eureka: Bee researchers close in on Colony Collapse Disorder
- 2007/09/06: Eureka: Connection between [IAP] virus and Colony Collapse Disorder in bees
- 2007/09/06: BBC: [Israeli Acute Paralysis] Virus implicated in bee decline
A virus has emerged as a strong suspect in the hunt for the mystery disease killing off North American honeybees.
Genetic research showed that Israeli Acute Paralysis Virus (IAPV) turned up regularly in hives affected by Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD).
Over the last three years, between 50% and 90% of commercial bee colonies in the US have been affected by CCD.
- 2007/08/10: Times(UK): Wake up! The bees are on their knees - Colony collapse disorder is threatening our hives
- 2007/08/19: CDreams: SMH: Eerie Saga of the Vanishing Bees
- 2007/07/31: PopMech: Honey Bees - Machine Finds Colony Collapse Disorder Pathogens - IVDS - Aberdeen Proving Ground
- 2007/07/19: PlanetArk: Asian Parasite [nosema ceranae] Killing Western Bees - Scientist
- 2007/07/18: TerraDaily: Environment Protection Efforts In China Not Sufficient Warns OECD
- 2007/07/14: TruthOut: McClatchy: USDA Buzzing With New Plan to Fight Collapse of Bee Colonies
- 2007/07/14: TreeHugger: Saving the Bees
- 2007/07/06: SeattlePI: Where have all the bees gone? Blame people, not cellphones
- 2007/07/10: TerraDaily: Research Explores Link Between Pesticides And Colony Collapse Disorder
- 2007/06/15: ENN: Scientists Examine Cause of Bee Die-Off
- 2007/06/14: PhysOrg: Weather Said to Blame for Bee Die-Off
Maryland beekeepers have lost 45 percent of their bees since last year - but the death toll is likely attributable to weather, not a national trend of mysterious die-offs, Maryland's top bee inspector said Wednesday.
- 2007/06/11: AlterNet: Colony Collapse: Do Massive Bee Die-Offs Mean an End to Our Food System as We Know it?
- 2007/06/11: KSJT: LA Times: Bee colony collapse ? not explained, but the experts are trying hard
- 2007/06/11: TruthOut: Suddenly, the Bees Are Simply Vanishing
Scientists are at a loss to pinpoint the cause. The die-off in 35 states has crippled beekeepers and threatened many crops.
- 2007/06/11: NEN: No Bees, Nobody Knows Why
- 2007/06/10: CDreams: SeattleTimes: Growers Fear the Sting of Bee Die-Off
- 2007/05/31: TreeHugger: Bees Victim of Media Hype, Not Epidemic
- 2007/05/29: StraightDope: Why are the bees disappearing?
- 2007/05/24: CBC: Ontario gets funds to solve missing bee mystery
- 2007/05/23: TerraDaily: Professor Helps Develop Techniques To Reduce Threat Against Honeybees
- 2007/05/19: TreeHugger: Honey Bees Have a Tough Union
- 2007/05/18: MarxMail:Science: No organic bee losses - The Case of the Empty Hives
- 2007/05/17: Zone5: Bitter-sweet Harvest
- 2007/05/16: Eureka: Hives ferment a yeasty brew, attract beetle pest
- 2007/05/15: Celsias: Organic Bees Surviving Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD)
- 2007/05/15: TCE: Organic Beekeepers Immune to CCD?
- 2007/05/14: PhysOrg: Scientists search for cause of bee deaths
- 2007/05/12: SciDaily: Bee Colony Collapse Disorder: Could It Be Parasites, Pathogens Or Pesticides?
- 2007/05/11: SciDaily: Declining Bee Numbers Raise Concerns Over Plant Pollination
- 2007/05/10: TreeHugger: The Honeybee Apocalypse
- 2007/05/02: GNN: Please Lord, not the bees
- 2007/05/01: StraightGoods: Disappearing bees - Mysterious phenomenon has researchers baffled
- PSU:MAAREC: Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD)
- 2007/05/03: Yahoo: Honeybee die-off threatens food supply
- 2007/05/03: ENN: Honeybee Die-Off Threatens Food Supply
- 2007/05/03: CDreams: AP: Honeybee Die-Off Threatens Food Supply
Unless someone or something stops it soon, the mysterious killer that is wiping out many of the nation's honeybees could have a devastating effect on America's dinner plate, perhaps even reducing us to a glorified bread-and-water diet.
- 2007/05/02: PhysOrg: Collapsing Colony Disorder Impacts North Dakota
- 2007/05/02: PhysOrg: Bees, and Our Diet, on the Brink
- 2007/04/26: CDreams: PhillyInquirer: No Bees? Not Just Strange, But Scary
- 2007/04/26: PhillyInquirer: No bees? Not just strange, but scary
- 2007/04/26: Reuters: Taiwan stung by millions of missing bees
- 2007/04/24: TruthOut: Bees Vanish, and Scientists Race for Reasons
- 2007/04/24: PhysOrg: Bee keepers across U.S. suffering losses
- 2007/04/23: SciDaily: Bee Colony Collapse Disorder And Viral Disease Incidence Under Investigation
- 2007/04/23: SciDaily: Honey Bee Die-off Alarms Beekeepers, Crop Growers And Researchers
- 2007/04/15: Independent(UK): Are mobile phones wiping out our bees?
Scientists claim radiation from handsets are to blame for mysterious 'colony collapse' of bees
- 2007/04/13: Guardian(UK): Threat to agriculture as mystery killer wipes out honeybee hives
- 2007/04/12: TreeHugger: Colony Collapse Disorder Arrives in the UK
- 2007/04/08: CPunch: Where Have All the Bees Gone? And Other Reflections on the Internationalization of Genocide by Fidel Castro
- 2007/04/07: PhysOrg: Mysterious disappearance of US bees creating a buzz
- 2007/04/05: TruthOut: What's Happening to the Bees?
- 2007/04/04: CSM: What's happening to the bees?
Suddenly, the bees farmers and growers rely on are vanishing. Researchers are scrambling to find out why.
- 2007/03/23: TruthOut: Are GM Crops Killing Bees?
- 2007/03/01: PhysOrg: Probing Question: What's killing the honey bees?
- 2007/02/27: BBC: Bee vanishing act baffles keepers
Honeybees are vanishing at an alarming rate from 24 US states, threatening the production of numerous crops. The cause of the losses, which range from 30% to more than 70%, is a mystery...
- 2007/02/23: NYT: Honeybees Vanish, Leaving Crops and Keepers in Peril
- 2007/02/12: DailyIndia: Honeybee deaths are alarming growers
Back to Index
Last modified December 25, 2013